Acid vs Base Imbalances Cheat Sheet

Step 1: Determine how your values compare to the normals
Step 2: Is it acidosis (pH<7.4), or alkalosis (pH>7.4)?
Step 3: ROME: Respiratory Opposite, Metabolic Equal. If pH and CO2 (or HCO3) move in opposite directions, it’s a respiratory problem, if pH and HCO3 (or CO2) move in the same direction, it’s a metabolic problem.
Step 4: If both pCO2 and HCO3 values changed then it’s compensated, if only one changed it’s uncompensated.

Acid Vs Base Imbalances Cheat Sheet

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